Grigoras domography and social economyThe article provides the particularities of fertility transition in the Republic of Moldova and former Soviet Republics from the European region (Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, and the Baltic countries). The postponing fertility of younger women and the tendencies of recuperation of postponed fertility in the older group of women and the change in complete cohort fertility are examined. The research aims to distinguish the main particularities of fertility transition in the Republic of Moldova and selected former Soviet countries during the period 1971–2014. The main objectives are the delimitation of divergences and convergences among them, the determination of fertility transition stages, the assessment of births postponement level, and the quantification of fertility recuperation level in cohorts that have completed their reproductive period. A postponement and recuperation model proposed by T. Frejka was used as the main method of analysis. The study is based on the Human Fertility Database (HFD) and the vital statistics for the Republic of Moldova.

The period analysed is 1971–2014. The quantification of fertility postponement and recuperation was realised through the comparative analysis of the cumulated age-specific fertility of the 1960 cohort (the reference cohort) and the cumulated age-specific fertility of the 1975 and 1980 cohorts. The results show that after 1990, the postponement index is in continuing increase in all countries. The Baltic countries have the highest index of postponement while the Republic of Moldova the lowest. Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine register the medium level of postponement index. A slower pace than in other countries characterizes the fertility transition in the Republic of Moldova. The fertility profile has an intermediate character, which moves from the early to the late model, recording the first and second phase The Baltic countries are characterised by a faster fertility transition and have been closer to the West European fertility model, especially Estonia, which reached the end of the fertility transition. The fertility transition in Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine has been largely influenced by financial incentives for fertility, which are reflected in the pattern of the fertility transition and the shift through different phases.

Яндекс.Метрика